What is medial epicondylitis?
Medial epicondylitis is commonly referred to as golfer’s elbow. This condition involves inflammation or tearing of the flexor pronator muscle mass. The flexor pronator tendons originate over the medial or inside of the elbow. The tendons insert on the wrist and is involved in wrist flexion and pronation. In golfer’s elbow, repetitive overuse activities or trauma can result in damage to the tendon origin. Activities such as golf, weightlifting, skiing, or biking can result in golfer’s elbow. Typically, this condition occurs between the ages of 40-60 but can be seen in any age range. Medial epicondylitis is described as a “tendinosis” which is slightly different than “tendonitis.” Tendinosis is considered more of a degenerative condition supporting the “overuse” component of the condition. This is partly why medial epicondylitis is difficult to treat.
Diagnosing medial epicondylitis
Symptoms include point tenderness over the medial epicondyle, pain with wrist flexion and elbow motion. Patients will often complain of difficulties with things like lifting a coffee cup or with sports activities. Pain can radiate up and down the arm and is commonly in the forearm. Other conditions such as cubital tunnel syndrome and arthritis can have similar symptoms which is why it is important that Dr. Kavi Sachar perform a history and examination.
Nonsurgical treatment of medial epicondylitis
Nonsurgical treatment consists of rest, anti inflammatories, immobilization and therapy. The basic treatment of RICE is commonly employed. Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation in early or minor lateral epicondylitis can be successful. Anti inflammatories can be helpful but since it is more of a tenonitis than a tendonitis, they may be less successful. Patients must be cautious of the side affects of anti inflammatories and should discuss long term use with their primary care physician. Splinting is often helpful to protect and rest the tendon. Splints consist of either a counterforce elbow brace or wrist splint. The counterforce elbow brace is typically used during activities such as tennis. The wrist splint should be work full time for approximately 3 weeks to try to limit activity. Therapy involves strengthening the muscles through eccentric stretching. With therapy, patients are often able to regain normal function. Many studies have supported the importance of therapy and it is often considered the best long-term treatment because it allows for maintenance exercises to prevent recurrence. Occasionally, patients do not respond to these modalities. In that setting, corticosteroid injections may be used. Patients need to be cautious that the corticosteroids do not just mask the pain. Therefore, injections are often used in conjunction with the above modalities.
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a treatment that involves drawing a patient own blood, and spinning it in a centrifuge to concentrate the platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in the platelets. This PDGF may facilitate tissue healing. Research continues to be performed on this treatment modality.
Surgically treating medial epicondylitis
Surgery for medial epicondylitis involves removing the damaged tissue and repairing back the normal tissue. Less than 10% of patients with golfer’s elbow require surgery. Typically, conservative treatment is first exhausted, and the symptoms have been present for many months. Overall, the success of surgery is good. It is an outpatient surgery and is followed by therapy to strengthen the muscles.
Recovering from medial epicondylitis
Patients are splinted immediately after surgery for several days. Therapy is started to work on range of motion and gradual strengthening. Patients can typically resume normal sports activities within 3 months and day to day activities right away.
Schedule a consultation
Board-certified and fellowship-trained hand surgeon Dr. Kavi Sachar is widely regarded as one the nation’s leading experts on medial epicondylitis. Dr. Sachar has three office locations in Vail, Aspen, and Frisco, Colorado. If you or a family member suffer from medial epicondylitis, contact Sachar today. Dr. Sachar is part of the world-renowned Steadman Clinic. Dr. Sachar and his team are here to help.
At a Glance
Dr. Kavi Sachar
- Specializing in Hand, Wrist, & Elbow Surgery
- Board Certified Orthopedic & Hand Surgeon
- Consultant to the US Ski & Snowboard Team & Colorado Avalanche
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